注册 登录
中国太极论坛 返回首页

梅高峰的个人空间 http://www.taijiclub.net/?57097 [收藏] [复制] [分享] [RSS]

日志

《neijing》7

已有 1123 次阅读2015-3-10 21:58 |个人分类:中医

Chapter 7

Guan Zhen

The main points of acupuncture is to use correct style needle tools. Nine kind of needles have different functions, so they have different using ranges, the needles’ different of length and size etc. will have different of use. If mistake use the needles, will not cure the diseases. If sick in shallow level but needling too deep, this will hurt internal muscle and cause skin obese; if the sick in the deep level, but needling too shallow, the sick Qi can not disperse, even make the sick Qi more gathered inside, and cause big ulcer. If it is light and shallow sick, but use big needle to needling it, this will sedate out Yuan Qi, will make the illness more serious. If it is heavy and deep level sick, but use a small needle to needling it, the sick Qi can not disperse, and will cause bad result also. If leave the correct needling way to acupuncture, if should use small needle but use big needle, this will hurt body Qi; if should use big needle but use small needle, this will not disperse sick Qi. The above is talking about mistake use needle to acupuncture cause bad results, and then let’s talking about different needle tool for correct conditions using way. The sick on skin without certain location, this is because of wind heat too much, fire Qi move on the skin, should use Chan Zhen needling to sedate it, if the skin color is white without red, this is because fire Qi moved away, should not use Chan Zhen to sedate it. The sick inside muscles, should use Yuan Zhen to massage the location. The sick on the meridians, if too long time it will become arthralgia and difficult to treat, should use Feng Zhen to needling. The sick on the meridians and blood vessels, with Qi and blood deficiency, should use tonify way to needling, use Shi Zhen needling on Jing well, Ying spring etc. shu points to do the treatment. If the sick is big pustule, should use Pi Zhen to get rid of the pustule. For acute arthralgia syndrome, should use Yuan Li Zhen to do the treatment. For always pain for long time arthralgia syndrome, should use Hao Zhen to do the treatment. If the sick deep inside body, should use Zhang Zhen to do the treatment. For water edema with joints can not move, should use Da Zhen to do the treatment. The sick inside five Zang, and the sick Qi stay inside without move, should use Feng Zhen based on different meridians Jing well and Ying spring etc. shu points and four seasons relationship, use sedate way to do acupuncture treatment. There are nine kind ways of acupuncture for nine kind of illness. First is Shu Ci, Shu Ci is for needling on limbs’ Ying points and Shu points, mainly on foot Tai Yang meridian and five shu points on Ub channels. Second is Yuan Dao Ci, Yuan Dao Ci is for long distance needling, sick on above, needling below points, sick in below, needling on above points. Third is Jing Ci, Jing Ci is for needing on the mainly meridian points. Fourth is Luo Ci, Luo Ci is for needling on skin small luo mai to bleedling sedate sick Qi. Fifth is Fen Ci, Fen Ci is for needling the muscles under the skin, for sick Qi inside the muscles. Sixth is Da Xie Ci, Da Xie Ci is for shallow needling on the skin, for skin surface arthralgia. Eighth is Ju Ci, Ju Ci is for needling different side of body, sick on right side body, needling on left side points, sick on left side of body, needling on right side points. Ninth is Cui Ci, Cui Ci is for fire heat needling the cold arthralgia. There are 12 kind of acupuncture ways for 12 meridians’ different illnesses. First called Ou Ci, Ou Ci is for chest and back needling, for ashi points needling treat the heart arthralgia, but during needling, the needle should tilt direction to the both side of the point, to avoid hurt the internal organ. Second called Bao Ci, Bao Ci is for uncertain pain location or the sick is moving up and down, for ashi points vertical needling, after pull out needle, repeat the same needling way several times. Third called Hui Ci, Hui Ci is directly needling the side of tendons cramp location, use lifting-thrusting method needling to frontward or backward to sooth the Qi to treat the tendon arthralgia. Forth called Qi Ci, Qi Ci is needling on the middle location of ashi point, and then on both side also needling 2 needles, total 3 needles on the treatment, Qi Ci also called triple needling, for treat the cold arthralgia in deep level but in small area. Fifth called Yang Ci, Yang Ci is needling on the middle of ashi point, and surround the middle point put 4 needles, use shallow way to needling, for cold Qi in big area illness. Sixth called Zhi Ci, Zhi Ci is using hand hold the skin up, straight transverse needling beneath skin, for cold Qi in shallow area treatment. Seventh called Shu Ci, Shu Ci is directly insert and pull out needling way, use less points but deep needling and long time retaining, for excess Qi and heat too much illness. Eighth called Duan Ci, Duan Ci is for bone arthralgia treatment, slowly insert needle, shake the needle to deep reach the bone, up and down lifting and thrusting the needle to rub the bone. Ninth called Fu Ci, Fu Ci is for the side of the illness location, tilt the needle to needling the surface side of the shallow muscle, for the treatment of cold muscle cramp illness. Tenth called Yin Ci, Yin Ci is for treat the coldness of extremities, coldness o extremities should needling the Kd3 on both side, this is needling the yin meridians’ point, so called Yin Ci. Eleventh called Bang Zhen Ci, Bang Zhen Ci is needling the illness meridian’s point for one needle, and then needling the side luo point for one needle, direct needle and side needle total 2 needles for long time arthralgia and sick Qi not easy be dispersed location. Twelfth called Zan Ci, Zan Ci is directly lifting and thrusting, fast pull out needle but shallow needling, lot of times of lifting and thrusting, and let it bleeding, for swelling ulcer treatment. If the meridian is in deep level not show outside, should slightly insert the needle, and long time retaining needle to lead the meridian Qi. If the meridian is in shallow level, should not fast thrust needle, first should press away the meridian Qi and blood, and block the Qi and blood flowing, and then insert the needle, don’t let the meridian’s Jing Qi leak out and only let the sick Qi come out. About the “three needling ways” is to lead the food Qi flowing and cause needle feeling. The way is: first shallow needling on skin to sedate the yang level sick Qi, second needling little deeper level near the muscle to sedate the yin level sick Qi, third needling more deep reach the muscle space to let the food Qi flowing, and then the needle feeling is obvious, so the said: at beginning should shallow needling to disperse the shallow level sick Qi and let the surface Qi and blood flowing, and then deeper needling to lead the yin level sick Qi come out, at last, more deep needling to the muscle level to flow the food Qi, and build strong needle feeling, this is “three needling ways”. Hence, a person who use needle to do acupuncture treatment, if he/she don’t understand the changing of each year weather Qi’s condition, host Qi’s excess or deficiency condition, and guest Qi’s coming condition etc., also not clear the internal organs excess or deficiency condition of body with weather relationship, the person noway to be a doctor. The other five needling ways are relate to for five Zang’s illness. First called Ban Ci, Ban Ci is needling very shallow and fast pull out needle like pull a hair, should not hurt muscle level, it is for disperse the skin shallow level sick Qi, and relate to lung illness. Second called Bao Wen Ci, Bao Wen Ci is use several needles to thrust to up, down, left and right, the needle points looks like the leopard skin spots, and should needle on the meridian and blood vessel to let it bleeding, relate to heart illness. Third called Guan Ci, Guan Ci is directly needling the limbs joint on the end of tendon locations, for tendon arthralgia, but during needling, should not let bleeding, it is relate to liver illness, it also called Yuan Ci or Shu Ci. Fourth called He Gu Ci, He Gu Ci is to deep needling to the muscle, and on both side also tilt needling two needles, the three needles’ shape looks like a chicken foot, it is for muscle arthralgia, relate to spleen illness. Fifth called Shu Ci, Shu Ci is directly insert and directly pull out, and deep into bone level, for bone arthralgia, relate to kidney illness.

官 鍼 第 七

    凡 刺 之 要 , 官 針 最 妙 。 九 針 之 宜 , 各 有 所 為 , 長 、短 、 大 、 小 , 各 有 所 施 也 。 不 得 其 用 , 病 弗 能 移 。 疾 淺針 深 , 內 傷 良 肉 , 皮 膚 為 癰 ; 病 深 針 淺 , 病 氣 不 瀉 , 支為 大 膿 。 病 小 針 大 , 氣 瀉 太 甚 , 疾 必 為 害 ; 病 大 針 小 ,氣 不 泄 瀉 , 亦 復 為 敗 。 失 針 之 宜 。 大 者 瀉 , 小 者 不 移 。已 言 其 過 , 請 言 其 所 施 。

    病 在 皮 膚 無 常 處 者 , 取 以 鑱 針 於 病 所 , 膚 白 勿 取。 病 在 分 肉 間 , 取 以 圓 針 於 病 所 。 病 在 經 絡 痼 痺 者 , 取以 鋒 針 。 病 在 脈 , 氣 少 , 當 補 之 者 , 取 以 鍉 針 於 井 滎 分俞 。 病 為 大 膿 者 , 取 以 鈹 針 。 病 痺 氣 暴 發 者 , 取 以 圓 利針 。 病 痺 氣 痛 而 不 去 者 , 取 以 毫 針 。 病 在 中 者 , 取 以 長針 。 病 水 腫 不 能 通 關 節 者 , 取 以 大 針 。 病 在 五 臟 固 居 者, 取 以 鋒 針 , 瀉 於 井 滎 分 俞 , 取 以 四 時 。

    凡 刺 有 九 , 以 應 九 變 。 一 曰 俞 刺 , 俞 刺 者 , 刺 諸經 滎 俞 臟 俞 也 ; 二 曰 遠 道 刺 , 遠 道 刺 者 , 病 在 上 , 取 之下 , 刺 腑 俞 也 ; 三 曰 經 刺 , 經 刺 者 , 刺 大 經 之 結 絡 經 分也 ; 四 曰 絡 刺 , 絡 刺 者 , 刺 小 絡 之 血 脈 也 ; 五 曰 分 刺 ,分 刺 者 , 刺 分 肉 之 間 也 ; 六 曰 大 瀉 刺 , 大 瀉 刺 者 , 刺 大膿 以 鈹 針 也 ; 七 曰 毛 刺 , 毛 刺 者 , 刺 浮 痺 皮 膚 也 ; 八 曰巨 刺 , 巨 刺 者 , 左 取 右 , 右 取 左 ; 九 曰 焠 刺 , 焠 刺 者 ,刺 燔 針 則 取 痺 也 。

    凡 刺 有 十 二 節 , 以 應 十 二 經 。 一 曰 偶 刺 , 偶 刺 者, 以 手 直 心 若 背 , 直 痛 所 , 一 刺 前 , 一 刺 後 , 以 治 心 痺。 刺 此 者 , 傍 針 之 也 。 二 曰 報 刺 , 報 刺 者 , 刺 痛 無 常 處也 。 上 下 行 者 , 直 內 無 拔 針 , 以 左 手 隨 病 所 按 之 , 乃 出針 , 復 刺 之 也 。 三 曰 恢 刺 , 恢 刺 者 , 直 刺 傍 之 , 舉 之 前後 , 恢 筋 急 , 以 治 筋 痺 也 。 四 曰 齊 刺 , 齊 刺 者 , 直 入 一, 傍 入 二 , 以 治 寒 氣 小 深 者 ; 或 曰 三 刺 , 三 刺 者 , 治 痺氣 小 深 者 也 。 五 曰 揚 刺 , 揚 刺 者 , 正 內 一 , 傍 內 四 , 而浮 之 , 以 治 寒 氣 之 搏 大 者 也 。 六 曰 直 針 刺 , 直 針 刺 者 ,引 皮 乃 刺 之 , 以 治 寒 氣 之 淺 者 也 。 七 曰 輸 針 , 輸 刺 者 ,直 入 直 出 , 稀 發 針 而 深 之 , 以 治 氣 盛 而 熱 者 也 。 八 曰 短刺 , 短 刺 者 , 刺 骨 痺 , 稍 搖 而 深 之 , 致 針 骨 所 , 以 上 下摩 骨 也 。 九 曰 浮 刺 , 浮 刺 者 , 傍 入 而 浮 之 , 以 治 肌 急 而寒 者 也 。 十 曰 陰 刺 , 陰 刺 者 , 左 右 率 刺 之 , 以 治 寒 厥 ;中 寒 厥 , 足 踝 後 少 陰 也 。 十 一 曰 傍 針 刺 , 傍 針 刺 者 , 直刺 傍 刺 各 一 , 以 治 留 痺 久 居 者 也 。 十 二 曰 贊 刺 , 贊 刺 者, 直 入 直 出 , 數 發 針 而 淺 之 , 出 血 是 謂 治 癰 腫 也 。

    脈 之 所 居 , 深 不 見 者 , 刺 之 微 內 針 而 久 留 之 , 以致 其 空 脈 氣 也 。 脈 淺 者 , 勿 刺 , 按 絕 其 脈 乃 刺 之 , 無 令精 出 , 獨 出 其 邪 氣 耳 。

    所 謂 三 刺 , 則 穀 氣 出 者 。 先 淺 刺 絕 皮 , 以 出 陽 邪, 再 刺 則 陰 邪 出 者 , 少 益 深 絕 皮 , 致 肌 肉 , 未 入 分 肉 間也 ; 已 入 分 肉 之 間 , 則 穀 氣 出 。 故 刺 法 曰 : 始 刺 淺 之 ,以 逐 邪 氣 , 而 來 血 氣 , 後 刺 深 之 , 以 致 陰 氣 之 邪 , 最 後刺 極 深 之 , 以 下 穀 氣 。 此 之 謂 也 。

    故 用 針 者 , 不 知 年 之 所 加 , 氣 之 盛 衰 , 虛 實 之 所起 , 不 可 以 為 工 也 。

    凡 刺 有 五 , 以 應 五 臟 , 一 曰 半 刺 , 半 刺 者 , 淺 內而 疾 發 針 , 無 針 傷 肉 , 如 拔 毛 狀 , 以 取 皮 氣 , 此 肺 之 應也 。

    二 曰 豹 文 刺 , 豹 文 刺 者 , 左 右 前 後 針 之 , 中 脈 為故 , 以 取 經 絡 之 血 者 , 此 心 之 應 也 。

    三 曰 關 刺 , 關 刺 者 , 直 刺 左 右 盡 筋 上 , 以 取 筋 痺, 慎 無 出 血 , 此 肝 之 應 也 ; 或 曰 淵 刺 ; 一 曰 豈 刺 。

    四 曰 合 谷 刺 , 合 谷 刺 者 , 左 右 雞 足 , 針 於 分 肉 之間 , 以 取 肌 痺 , 此 脾 之 應 也 。

    五 曰 輸 刺 , 輸 刺 者 , 直 入 直 出 , 深 內 之 至 骨 , 以取 骨 痺 , 此 腎 之 應 也 。


路过

鸡蛋

鲜花

握手

雷人

评论 (0 个评论)

facelist

您需要登录后才可以评论 登录 | 注册

小黑屋|手机版|中国太极论坛 ( 苏ICP备06045011号

GMT+8, 2018-4-23 15:34 , Processed in 0.069847 second(s), 22 queries , Gzip On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

返回顶部