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发劲 - 梅高峰

已有 900 次阅读2014-7-2 02:31 |个人分类:太极拳| Lian, JinTing, JinDong, JinZou, JinHua

Fa Jin(发劲) of push hands is the attack techniques of Tai Chi, Fa Jin means send out power to the opponent to let him fall down or thrown away. If Hua Jin is defense, the Fa Jin should be attack, Hua and Fa like Yin and Yang, keep in balance in Tai Chi movements, Fa Jin has several Jins such as: Jie Jin Fa, Chang Jin Fa, Chen Jin Fa, Zuan Jin Fa, Cun Jin Fa, Fen Jin Fa, Leng Jin Fa, Duan Jin Fa, Dou Tiao Jin Fa, etc.; Jie截 Jin means horizontal power, Chang长 Jin means long distance power, Chen沉 Jin means sink Qi power, Zuan钻 Jin means spiral power, Cun寸 Jin means short fast power, Fen分 Jin means separate power, Leng冷 Jin means cold power, Duan断 Jin means stopped power, Dou Tiao抖跳 Jin means Shake power. Fa Jin should during the opponent can not feel or don't know your attack movement. In Fa Jin, except Zuan钻 Jin and Jie借(borrow) Jin, the other Fa Jins all need Hua, Yin and Na before Fa Jin, Fa Jin attack must attack the root of the opponent's body, in arms, shoulder is root, elbow is branch, hand is leaf, in leg, hip is root, knee is branch, feet is leaf. In whole body, leg is root, body is branch, arm is leaf, any part of body always has root, branch and leaf, and all can be Fa Jin at the root. Fa Jin most important at 1, condition, 2, direction, 3, time. The condition should good for you, but bad for your opponent(his body weigh only on one leg, and Qi is up, no sink down or body unsteady), during this time you can Fa Jin attack him; the time should at good time, such as: the opponent just finish one movement's power, and the new movement's power has not begin yet, this second is a dull time, or the opponent is move back time, this time is good to Fa Jin attack too. And Fa Jin too early or late is not good, too early will be hard against together, too late will be known and defensed or escaped by the opponent; Direction is also important. These three elements are very important in Fa Jin attack. And also the distance, opponent body high or low, body heavy or light, are very important. Distance can not too near or far, too near will easy be cover stopped, too far will not reach the opponent's body, the opponent body higher, you should higher too; the opponent body lower, you should lower too, if the opponent body too high, you should Fa Jin attack the opponent middle and lower part of body,if the opponent body too low, you should Fa Jin attack his above part of body; about the body weight, if the opponent above light lower heavy, you should Fa Jin attack the lower part, if the opponent above heavy and lower light, you should Fa Jin attack the opponent above part, if the opponent above and lower the same weight, you just Fa Jin to the middle part of the opponent's body. The opponent's body weight can be known during Nian Lian Jin and Yin Hua Jin, sometimes you should Fa Jin the opponent weak part of body, sometimes you should Fa Jin to the opponent's excess part of body, weak and excess like yin and yang keep in balance in Tai Chi push hands. During the opponent mind separate and qi is not sink, you can get focus the opponent's body any part to Fa Jin attack, always flexible Fa Jin by the opponent's body conditions, bend body will bend Fa Jin, turn body will turn Fa Jin. When you Fa Jin you should not feel too much heavy power, because the power already sent to the opponent's body, if you feel very heavy, that means the power is not sent out to the opponent and no effective. Fa Jin should smoothly can not stopped such as Dan Tian, shoulder or elbow etc., except Duan Jin, Fa Jin should upright you own body energy channels, there is two way of Qi movement; first, sink Qi the lower Dan Tian(Ren4) to get back force to limbs; second, is inhale the Qi up from back Dan tian(Du4) to spine to limbs. Fa Jin should look at the opponent, should not look the ground or sky, otherwise will unfocus the target. 


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