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《太極拳論》‧山右 王宗岳

已有 1418 次阅读2014-4-7 08:13 |个人分类:太极拳| 英雄

《太極拳論》‧山右 王宗岳
太極者。無極而生。陰陽之母也。動之則分。靜之則合。無過不及。隨曲就伸。人剛我柔謂之走。我順人背謂之粘。動急則急應。動緩則緩隨。雖變化萬端。而理唯一貫。
由著熟而漸悟懂勁。由懂勁而階及神明。然非用力之久。不能豁然貫通焉。虛領頂勁。氣沉丹田。不偏不倚。忽隱忽現。左重則左虛。右重則右杳。仰之則彌高。俯之則彌深。進之則愈長。退之則愈促。一羽不能加。蠅蟲不能落。人不知我。我獨知人。英雄所向無敵。蓋皆由此而及也。
斯技旁門甚多。雖勢有區別。概不外乎壯欺弱。慢讓快耳。有力打無力。手慢讓手快。皆是先天自然之能。非關學力而有為也。察四兩撥千斤之句。顯非力勝。觀耄耋能禦眾之形。快何能為。立如平準。活似車輪。偏沉則隨。雙重則滯。每見數年純功。不能運化者。率皆自為人制。雙重之病未悟耳。欲避此病。須知陰陽。粘即是走。走即是粘。陰不離陽。陽不離陰。陰陽相濟方為懂勁。懂勁後。愈練愈精。默識揣摩。漸至從心所欲。本是舍己從人。多誤舍近求遠。所謂差之毫厘。謬之千里。學者不可不詳辨焉。是為論。

《太极拳论》,是我国太极拳经典理论中最早也是最重要的理论专著,作者王宗岳。(转)

 

王宗岳清代山西人,乾隆年间在世(公元1736——1795年)。据传,王宗岳是继宋末张三丰创造太极拳之后一位重要的传承者。杨澄浦(杨氏太极拳传人)在【太极拳体用全书】自序中写道:“先大父更诏之日,太极拳创自宋末张三丰,传之者,为王宗岳,张松溪,蒋发诸人相传不绝。陈长兴师(陈氏太极拳第十四代传人),乃蒋发先生唯一之弟子。”王宗岳精通拳、剑、枪法,而少时自经史外,黄帝老子之书及兵言无书不读,并著有《太极拳论》、《打手歌》、《十三势行功解》、《太极拳释名》等经典之作。其中,《太极拳论》集古代哲学、阴阳学、中医养生、儒道文化、古代兵法之大成,乃精品之极,最为著名。自《太极拳论》出世百年来,盖为世代太极拳家所推崇并为必修之作,其太极拳原理成为后来拳家著书立说的理论依据,对太极拳的发展和创新产生了极其深刻的影响。为了让广大太极拳爱好者欣赏这篇名作并解其真髓,从而指导拳法实践,以提高自身拳艺水平,本人对此文进行了详细解译,供大家参考学习。

 

原文:太极者,无极而生,阴阳之母也。动之则分,静之则合。无过不及,随曲就伸。人刚我柔谓之“走”,我顺人背谓之“粘”。动急则急应,动缓则缓随。虽变化万端,而理应一贯。由着熟而渐悟懂劲,由懂劲而阶级神明。然非用力日久,不能豁然贯通焉!虚领顶劲,气沉丹田。不偏不倚,忽隐忽现。左重则左虚,右重则右杳。仰之则弥高,俯之则弥深。进之则愈长,退之则愈促。一羽不能加,蝇虫不能落。人不知我,我独知人,英雄所向无敌,盖皆由此而及也。斯技旁门甚多,虽势有区别,概不外壮欺弱、慢让快耳!有力打无力,手慢让手快,是皆先天自然之能,非关学力所有为也。察“四两拨千斤”之句,显非力胜;观耄耋能御众之形快何能为?! 立如秤准,活似车轮。偏沉则随,双重则滞。每见数年纯功,不能运化者,率皆自为人制,双重之病未悟耳!欲避此病,须知阴阳。粘即是走,走即是粘;阴不离阳,阳不离阴。阴阳相济,方为懂劲。懂劲后,愈练愈精,默识揣摩,渐至从心所欲。本是“舍己从人”,多误“舍近求远”。所谓“差之毫厘,谬以千里”。学者不可不详辨焉!是为论。

"原文:太极者,无极而生,阴阳之母也。动之则分,静之则合。无过不及,随曲就伸。人刚我柔谓之“走”,我顺人背谓之“粘”。动急则急应,动缓则缓随。虽变化万端,而理应一贯。由着熟而渐悟懂劲,由懂劲而阶级神明。然非用力日久,不能豁然贯通焉!虚领顶劲,气沉丹田。不偏不倚,忽隐忽现。左重则左虚,右重则右杳。仰之则弥高,俯之则弥深。进之则愈长,退之则愈促。一羽不能加,蝇虫不能落。人不知我,我独知人,英雄所向无敌,盖皆由此而及也。"

Translaion:

 Tai Chi is come from Wuji, Wuji is the original source of Yin and Yang, during Tai Chi movements,the yin and yang active each other,and turnning exchanging each other,become stronger and weaker each other,they are keeping  the moving balance condition,so the movements is not too much yang ,or less yang,the Tai Chi movements should follow the rule of yin and yang's power changing,if the opponnet use strong power attack me,I can not use same strong power to against him,but thould use flexible soft power to follow his power and lead his attackto a empty condition to resolve the attack,this called "let go";I follow the opponnet's attack direction attack direction sticky on the opponnet'body,tilt the attack power go lost direction, this called "sticky", fast attack movement,I should use fast way to face it,slow attack movement, I should use slow wayto follow it,the fighting condition term even is changing at very short seconds,the movements will changing lots of differents ways, but the fighing theory of them are the same one without changing. the power's rules hiding inside the postures,only pracitce each postures,gradually understand its power way,and based on this level with advance higher condtrol the power to a high level,if you can not practice hard to a expert level,you will not undrestand this theory.

During TaiChi movements,the neck muscle thould relax,upright head, relax abdomen,Qi sink to lower Dantian,during TAiChi movements,the body's gravity center should be steady,keep in balance condition. clear in mind the condition of  exchanging movements of body gravity center with fast and secret moves, if the opponent attack my left side, i will empty my left side body gravity center and move to body right side, if the opponnet attack my right side, i will empty my right sidy body gravity center  move to body left sidy,if the opponent attack my hight part,I will lift body gravity center to higher location, if the oppponent attack my lower part,I wil lower my body gravity center,hence,don't give any good condition or chance for opponent  to attack me,during attack,should keep a chain of movements,not give the opponet any rest chance,if defense,should not delay the fighting time,more fast more good, should not give the opponent a chain of attack movements,about the attack degree,will based on the condition,even can not add  a feather's weight power,for defeense, the fast condition even can not give  a chance to a fly stop on hands.my fighting way and ideas are hide in secret to opponent,so the opponent do not know my condition, but I know the opponent's like know my own palm and fingers' condition, so the winners most can use these stratagems and ideas.

斯技旁門甚多。雖勢有區別。概不外乎壯欺弱。慢讓快耳。有力打無力。手慢讓手快。皆是先天自然之能。非關學力而有為也。察四兩撥千斤之句。顯非力勝。觀耄耋能禦眾之形。快何能為。立如秤准,活似车轮。偏沉则随,双重则滞。每见数年纯功,不能运化者,率皆自为人制,双重之病未悟耳!欲避此病,须知阴阳。粘即是走,走即是粘;阴不离阳,阳不离阴。阴阳相济,方为懂劲。懂劲后,愈练愈精,默识揣摩,渐至从心所欲。本是“舍己从人”,多误“舍近求远”。所谓“差之毫厘,谬以千里”。学者不可不详辨焉!是为论。

There are lot of sectsof martial arts,and diferentof movementsof fighting ways, but mostof them are use power and speed to winthe opponent as a basic conditions, so stronger power will win the weaker power,faster speed will win the slower speed moves,buttheseare humanbodynatue instinct ability affection,itis not relatedto the regular using rule of power jins, such as use4ounce power towinthounsand pound,which is use small towin thebig example. this is not use strong powerto wintheopponent, a single senior person can fight with lotof people which is not simply based on fast move speed can reach the win condition?!


Body stand should like a steelyardwhich is balance steady,body move hould like wheelsactive self-flexible, bodyweight on oneside(single weight)wll easy flexible,body weight stay in the middle of two feet with is double weight,no blexible, feeling is slowwitted, those people practice long time years veryhard,can not facetheopponent attack and easy be controlled,lostflexibilityand control powe,the reson is not understand the body weight theory,cause double weight problem,thery should understand the relationshipof yin yangfighing and united as one,sticky is to let go,let go must use sticky, so sticky is let go, let go is sticky.this is yin and yang depend each other action each other,exhange eachother and fighting united as one,only understand the changing relationship  of yin and yang, youwill understand the power jins's regular theory tenet,aftr this,directed bythe jins' tenet yourTai Chi will practice more progress and morehighter level; and with morethinking study summarized,the power jins will be self-controlled more easy condition.

 

Tai Chi's principle is based on: "use quiet to control movement,use late action to control earler action,use soft power to win hard power, borrow power to attak opponent, late move but earlier arrive",this is give up self bad condition to follow the good condition of win the opponent tactic. but most people think self body as mainly condition, fighting hard to get faster,use hard power to attack the opponent, though these are kind of the fighting way, but these are give up near way to get the long way,give up self good condition follow the opponent bad condition,infact,this is totally different from my theory, so, the Tai Chi practitioners must detail think about it and figure it clear, this is my Tai Chi theory.

 


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